Boundary Disputes

Disputes between neighbours over the position of boundaries are not uncommon. Unfortunately the law in this area is complex, and the position of the boundary is usually finally determined by instructing an expert surveyor to consider the title documents, title plans, old photographs, witness evidence from predecessors in title, and the property itself.

However, this often does not provide a definitive answer, as the owner of the neighbouring land may find an expert that disagrees with your expert.

Further complications can arise if the boundary has been moved over the years, physical features (such as hedges, fences and walls) have been put in place or changed, or if there is an agreement in place varying the boundary.

The Land Registry plans, and ordnance survey maps, although providing good guidance, often only mark the “general position”. The width of the lines drawn on these plans can often equate to meters on the ground, and often, therefore these plans are of limited assistance.
There may be issues of adverse possession.

This area of the law is very complex, therefore if you are in a dispute with your neighbour over the position of a boundary, you seek specialist legal advice from the outset.

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Enforcement of Restrictive Covenants and Easements

What is a restrictive covenant?

Restrictive covenants are agreements between parties that one party will restrict the use of its land in some way for the benefit of another’s land. Restrictive covenants are enforceable by the original contracting parties as well as their successors in title.

Restrictive covenants may:

  • Limit possible uses of the land.
  • Prohibit particular trades or businesses.
  • Forbid certain activities particularly if they will cause a nuisance.
  • Restrict type and number of buildings that can be built on a site.

Remedies available for breach of a restrictive covenant

One type of remedy for breach of a restrictive covenant is damages. However, a person with the benefit of a restrictive covenant is more likely to want to stop the breach from occurring by obtaining an injunction from the court. Therefore, in most cases, the party will want an injunction.

What is an Easement?

An easement is a right benefiting a piece of land e.g. the right to use a path or run services over land. This type of easement is sometimes called a positive easement. Remedies are available if an easement is interfered with.

What constitutes interference with an easement will depend on the circumstances. These can be situations such as:

  • Obstructing a right of way;
  • Deprivation of rights to light;
  • A landlords’ rights to redevelop land.

Our team of property litigation solicitors have extensive experience in dealing with preventing the interference of an easement and dealing with the breach of a restrictive covenant. We can provide you with advice on the remedies available to you and discuss your legal position.

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Adverse Possession

Adverse possession is where a person who is not the legal owner of a piece of land can become the legal owner by occupying the land for a specified period of time (either 10 years or 12 years depending on the circumstances).

There are two elements to be established in making an adverse possession claim:

  1. Uninterrupted use of the land for the requisite period; and
  2. Intention to possess the land during that period.

Squatting in a Residential Property

This is a criminal offence under section 144 of the Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012 (LASPOA 2012). A person will commit a criminal offence if they:

  • Enter a residential building as a trespasser.
  • Knows or ought to know they are a trespasser.
  • Is living in the property or intends to live there for any period of time.

Our expert property litigation solicitors are able to advise on the issues surrounding adverse possession.

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Nuisance and Trespass

Owners of neighbouring properties often get embroiled in disputes as a result of one of them interfering with the other’s land. Examples of these types of dispute are where tree roots encroach onto neighbouring land, where a wall is encroaching onto neighbouring property or there is excessive noise or unpleasant smells coming from one property.

These types of matters in law are described as a nuisance or a trespass.


There a two types of nuisance

  • Public nuisance and;
  • Private nuisance

A public nuisance arises from an act that endangers the life, health, property, morals or comfort of the public. A private nuisance is normally where a person is doing something on their own land that they are entitled to do but it becomes a nuisance when what they are doing extends onto their neighbour’s property and causes an interference with the neighbour’s enjoyment of their property.


Trespass is the unlawful occupation of land by somebody other than the owner of that land. Examples of trespass include squatting but can also be where a neighbour builds a wall on land owned by their neighbour or somebody encroaches on your airspace.

If a nuisance or trespass has arisen then it is possible to apply to the Court for an injunction to prevent the nuisance or trespass from continuing and causing future harm. Furthermore, damages are often sought to compensate for any harm that has already been caused.

Myerson’s property litigation department has a wealth of experience in advising on both nuisance and trespass disputes. These areas of the law are technical and expert advice should be sought. We ensure that you are provided with practical solutions to assist you in resolving your dispute smoothly.

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Meet Our Specialists

Home-grown or recruited from national, regional or City firms. Our specialists are experts in their fields and respected by their peers.

Seán Hackett

Seán Hackett

Seán is a Senior Solicitor in the Property Litigation Team of our Commercial Litigation Department

Tim Norman

Tim Norman

Tim is a Senior Partner in our Commercial Litigation department

Laura Pile

Laura Pile

Laura is a Senior Solicitor in the Property Litigation Team of our Commercial Litigation Department

Emma Dooley

Emma Dooley

Emma is a Solicitor in the Property Litigation Team of our Commercial Litigation Department

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